Ore deposits



Books about ore deposits

Introduction to Ore-forming Processes
Introduction to Ore-Forming Processes is the first senior undergraduate ; postgraduate text book to focus specifically on the multiplicity of geological processes that result in the formation of mineral deposits. Commencing with an overview of magmatic ore-forming processes, the text moves systematically through hydrothermal and sedimentary metallogenic environments, covering as it does the entire gamut of mineral deposit types, including the fossil fuels and supergene ores. The final chapter relates metallogeny to global tectonics by examining the distribution of mineral deposits in space and time. The text is punctuated with boxed examples of world famous ore deposits which provide context and relevance to the process-oriented descriptions of ore genesis. This book brings the discipline of economic geology back into the realm of conventional mainstream earth science by emphasizing the fact that mineral deposits are simply one of the many natural wonders of geological process and evolution.
The Geology of Ore Deposits
Modern civilization's dependence upon an increasing volume and diversity of minerals makes the search for new ore deposits ever more difficult. Now available from Waveland Press, Guilbert & Park's text presents ideas, principles, and data fundamental for beginning economic geologists to understand the genesis and localization of ore deposits and of the minerals associated with them. The authors comprehensively describe the physical and chemical characteristics of ore deposits, and correlate them with environments and conditions of deposition since ore deposits are best interpreted as extensions of the environments responsible for their enclosing rocks. Examples and illustrations emphasize structural, chemical, and temporal controls and encourage the three-dimensional thinking used by productive explorationists as they face unsolved problems. This upper-level undergraduate text is fully illustrated and meticulously indexed. Its reliable, authoritative coverage assumes an upper-level command of chemistry and physics, as well as mineralogy, petrology, and structural geology. Outstanding features include: 1) develops and combines the abilities of the explorationist and of the researcher of ore-forming processes; 2) structures the geologic descriptions into groupings recognized by researches and explorers alike; 3) builds confidence, revitalizes curiosity, and encourages expanded thinking; 4) emphasizes that the days of "easy" discovery of outcropping ores are not over; and 5) includes revised, expanded, and updated descriptions of districts.
Giant Metallic Deposits: Future Sources of Industrial Metals
Metals in the earth's crust are very unevenly distributed and, traditionally, a small number of ore deposits, districts or countries have dominated the world supply and have influenced commodity prices. The importance of exceptionally large, or rich, deposits has greatly increased in the age of globalization when a small number of international corporations dominate the metals market, based on few very large ore deposits, practically anywhere in the world. Search for giant orebodies thus drives the exploration industry: not only the in-house teams of large internationals, but also hundreds of junior companies hoping to sell their significant discoveries to the "big boys". Geological characteristics of giant metallic deposits and their setting and the politico-economic constraints of access to and exploitation in prospective areas have been a "hot topic" in the past fifteen years, but the knowledge generated and published has been one-sided, scattered and fragmented. This is the first comprehensive book on the subject that provides body of solid facts rather than rapidly changing theories, written by author of the Empirical Metallogeny book series and founder of the Data Metallogenica visual knowledge system on mineral deposits of the world, who has had an almost 40 years long international academic and industrial experience. The book will provide abundant material for comparative research in metallogeny, practical information for the explorationists as to where to look for the "elephants", and some inspiration for commodity investors.
The Ore Minerals Under the Microscope, An Optical Guide
This is a very detailed colour atlas for ore/opaque minerals (ore microscopy) with the main emphasis on name and synonyms, mineral group, chemical composition, information about major formation environment, optical data, reflection colour/shade comparison with 4 common/standard minerals of a similar colour or grey shade, up to 5 high-quality photos for each mineral with scale, and a short description of the pictures. A compilation from some of the prominent publications in the field of ore microscopy yielded a list of 431 minerals are included in this atlas.
Mineral Deposits & Earth Evolution
Mineral deposits are not only primary sources of wealth generation, but also act as windows through which to view the evolution and interrelationships of the Earth system. Deposits formed throughout the last 3.8 billion years of the EarthÂ’s history preserve key evidence with which to test fundamental questions about the evolution of the Earth. These include: the nature of early magmatic and tectonic processes, supercontinent reconstructions, the state of the atmosphere and hydrosphere with time, and the emergence and development of life. The interlinking processes that form mineral deposits have always sat at the heart of the Earth system and the potential for using deposits as tools to understand that evolving system over geological time is increasingly recognized. This volume contains research aimed both at understanding the origins of mineral deposits and at using mineral deposits as tools to explore different long-term Earth processes.
Granite-Related Ore Deposits
This volume brings together a collection of papers that summarize current ideas and recent progress in the study of granite-related mineralization systems. They provide a combination of field, experimental and theoretical studies. Papers are grouped according to the main granite-related ore systems: granite-pegmatite, skarn and greisen-veins, porphyry, orogenic gold, intrusion-related, epithermal and porphyry-related gold and base metal, iron oxide-copper-gold (IOCG), and special case studies. The studies provide a broad spread in terms of both space and time, highlighting granite-related ore deposits from Europe (Russia, Sweden, Croatia and Turkey) , the Middle East (Iran), Asia (Japan and China) and South America (Brazil and Argentina) and spanning rocks from Palaeoproterozoic to Miocene in age.
Ore Deposits and Mantle Plumes
This book discusses the controls and consequences that processes in the Earth's mantle have on mineralising events in the crust. In developing this theme, the author takes into consideration recent advances in the theory of mantle plumes and examines the links, direct or indirect, that past and present plumes activities have in generating ore systems. Also included is an overview of the major volcanic features of terrestrial planets, and their possible origin in terms of plume-related magmatism. The book provides a time-space global overview of the relationship between mantle processes, associated igneous activities, such as the impressive continental flood basalts and the emplacement of layered igneous complexes, and the formation of metalliferous deposits. The links between mantle plumes and mafic-ultramafic igneous activity are treated in some detail and are followed by descriptions of selected, world-class, magmatic mineral deposits. The relationship between mantle plumes and hydrothermal mineral deposits is less obvious, nevertheless this topic is considered by examining the inception of continental rift systems, associated basins and the flow of fluids, which is catalysed by thermal gradients induced by mantle upwellings. Examples of metalliferous deposits that are typically associated with thick volcano-sedimentary or sedimentary sequences, which accumulated in modern and ancient rift-related basins, are discussed. The book concludes with a review of metalliferous mineral deposits hosted by black shales, iron and manganese formations, and the possible link that these remarkable geological entities have with mantle plumes. Audience: This book is intended for a broad audience of readers including postgraduate students specializing in ore deposits geology, volcanology, and tectonics. This volume will also be of interest to professionals and specialists in the mineral exploration and mining industries.
An Introduction to the Rock-Forming Minerals, 2nd ed
This revised edition has entailed a thorough re-writing of the text, taking account of the impressive advances that have been made in all aspects of earth sciences, particularly mineralogy, over the recent years.
Ore Geology and Industrial Minerals: An Introduction
Much new data and many new ideas have emerged in the area of ore geology and industrial minerals since publication of the second edition of this text in 1987. The overriding philosophy behind this new edition is the inclusion and integration of this new material within the established framework of the text. The third edition is re-presented in the modern double-column format. Non-metallic deposits of industrial and bulk materials are fully covered to meet the changing emphasis of courses in applied geology. In addition, chapter 1 has been considerably enlarged to include a section on mineral economics covering metals, industrial minerals and bulk materials. In this section, the various aspects of economic exploitation of industrial and bulk materials are compared with those of metallic deposits. Other major revisions and additions include a section on fluid inclusions, expansion of the section on wall rock alteration, expansion of the material on isotope studies, and the inclusion of a section on hydraulic fracturing and seismic pumping.
The Timing and Location of Major Ore Deposits in an Evolving Orogen
As an outcome of the European Science Foundation scientific programme, GEODE, on geodynamic and ore deposit evolution, this book examines the underlying geodynamic processes that lead to the formation of ore deposits in order to discover what controls the timing and location of major ore deposits in an evolving orogen. A collection of 19 research papers examines various aspects of ore genesis in the context of the geodynamic processes occurring with an evolving orogen. Although the majority of papers relate to Europe, their findings have a global significance for metallogenesis. The book will be of interest to all those involved in research or mineral exploration concerned with metallogenesis. In addition, ore deposits provide new evidence about magnetism associated with transient, rapid changes in plate motions and subduction processes in unusual tectonic settings, and are therefore of interest to those involved in both the magmatic and tectonic processes of orogenesis.
Industrial Minerals and Extractive Industry Geology: Based on Papers Presented at the Combined 36th Forum on the Geology of Industrial Minerals and 11th Extractive Industry Geology Conference, Bath
Industrial Minerals, including construction raw materials, provides the bulk of the solid minerals required by most developed countries, both in tonnage and value. In other countries, the discovery and extraction of industrial minerals is an essential stage in economic development. This book contains a comprehensive coverage of the subjects that occupy professional geoscientists working in industrial minerals and the extractive industry. It includes descriptions of the geology of many deposits, country and regional reviews of industrial minerals, mineral economics, case histories of extraction, techniques for exploration and evaluation, examples of quarry and pit design, risk management, minerals planning/permitting and legislation, the environmental impact of mineral extraction, and mine waste and by-product utilization. The book results from a unique international event which combined the 36th North American Forum on the geology of Industrial Minerals with the 11th UK Extractive Industry Geology Conference. Papers by leading experts from industry, consultancies, government bodies and academia, based in Europe, North America and elsewhere are included. The book will appeal to all professional geoscientists involved with industrial minerals and the extractive industry and others, including mining engineers, planners, mineral economists and environmental geoscientists.